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Week 2 #FFF

Only 32% of MPs are women

A child born today will be drawing her pension before she is equally represented in the Westminster parliament – or has an equal chance of being elected to it.

Nan Sloane writing in the The Guardian We need more women in politics – here’s how to do it on 29 August 2014

In 2018 we celebrated 100 years of the vote for women. We’ve come some way since then, but we’re nowhere close to parity.

Wales became the first nation in the world to achieve 50:50 representation in its national legislature in 2003.

British Council †

Women are 51% of the UK population but only 32% of the House of Commons. There are 650 members of parliament and only 208 of them are women.

In Week 1 of Feminist Fact Friday I highlighted one of the toughest facts from the World Economic Forum stating that at the current rate it would take us 107 years to close the gap on political inequality globally.

According to the 50:50 movement “at the last election only 12 extra women were elected, at this rate it will take over 50 years for full gender equality.”

I can think of no adequate reason why we should need to wait that long.

In 2018 women remain underrepresented in all levels of UK politics and we lag behind other countries, the UK’s position in the global rankings having fallen over the past 20 years from 25th in the world in 1999, to 41st now. The proportion of women in local government appears stuck at around 32 per cent across all of the UK nations.

British Council †

Why is this important?

In my first post I noted that research shows that women are more likely than men to advocate on ‘women’s issues’. That’s not me saying that women’s issues are more important than men’s, but with women making up only 32% of MPs it’s safe to suggest that we’re missing out on a lot of advocacy on women’s behalf.

You might be thinking ‘well, how is that a problem when we have equality and we already listen to women on the issues that affect them?’ I’d vehemently disagree with that on so many levels, but here are just a few facts that show women are still treated unequally, and in the worst possible way:

  1. Women pay more for the same things, just because they’re women. Sometimes those things are pink. Maybe the ink is just more expensive.
  2. Women earn less than men – 17.9% for all jobs, 8.6% for full-time jobs.*
  3. According to the Femicide Census 139 women were killed by men in 2017 and 76% of those knew their killer. That means 105 women were killed by someone they knew. And if that’s not enough to shock you, read the Femicide Census and learn about ‘overkilling’. **
  4. Rape charges are at their lowest level for 10 years. “Crown Prosecution Service data shows 2,800 suspects investigated for rape in 2017/18 were later charged – a 23.1% decline compared with 2016/17.” ***
  5. Police-recorded rape increased by 15% (to 41,186 offences) compared with the previous year. And in 99% of the cases the offender was male. ˚

So, what do we know?

Women are disproportionately negatively affected by inequality (though men are badly affected by gender inequality too) and women are more likely to advocate for ‘women’s issues’. So let’s try a 50:50 Parliament and see where we get to. Preferably before 2067 please.

What can you do about it?

In Week 1 I suggested a few things including always turning out to vote, joining the Women’s Equality Party (it’s awesome) and finding a cause that you can get behind. You might have done all of those things already (or you might go back to try a few out). Either way, also consider:

1. Encouraging a woman to stand

If you know (or are) an amazing woman who can help us to get to gender equality in Parliament, then jump on board the 50:50 movement. Men currently outnumber women 2:1 in Parliament but by nominating and encouraging someone you know to enter politics you could make a huge difference #AskHerToStand #SignUpToStand.

For women in the States, something like She Should Run is an option.

2. Celebrating the achievements of women

Use ‘shine theory‘ to amplify the achievements of women politicians and those doing good in the public eye. Keep an eye out for when coverage strays into talking about women in a gossipy fashion or just blabbing on about how they look or how they’re dressed. Check yourself for that kind of crap and amplify the positive influence they’re having instead. Show the media what kind of coverage sells. You might not be keen on being in the public eye yourself, but there’s a hell of a lot you can do to support those who are taking one for the team.

3. Honing your skills

It might be too soon for you (or another amazing woman you know) to get into politics but that doesn’t mean you can’t start laying the groundwork. Something like working on your public speaking and presentation skills can only work in your favour and if it’s something you can use for a future in politics then so much the better!

What is this project about?

Feminist Fact Friday is a passion project to educate myself (and anyone else who might be interested) in key facts that prove just how unequal our society remains, in an effort skip a decade or ten of the 107 years it’s going to take women to reach political equality around the world. You can read more about this project in my Intro.

Sources

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Women_in_the_House_of_Commons_of_the_United_Kingdom

† British Council, Women, Power and Politics in the UK: What’s changed in 100 years? A study commemorating 100 years of women’s right to vote [accessed 3 February 2019]

* ONS Gender pay gap in the UK – Office for National Statistics Published October 2018

** The Femicide Census was created in partnership with/supported by Karen Ingala Smith, Women’s Aid, Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer LLP and Deloitte LLP. This uses data from 2017.

*** ‘Number of rape charges at lowest level for 10 years‘ BBC using Crown Prosecution Service data for 2017/2018

˚ Most recent data set from the Office for National Statistics